Miniature faking (which is also referred as “tilt-shifting”) is a process that makes photograph of object or location look like a miniature scale model. Shallow depth of field (you can normally encounter that in close-up photography) is simulated by blurring parts of photo. As a result the scene looks much smaller than it really is. Blurring can be done either by digital postprocessing or optically when the photograph is taken. Many miniature faking photos are taken from a high angle - that allows to simulate effect of looking down on a miniature.