This is the story about the most famous assasinations.
On April 14, 1865 president Abraham Lincoln attended a performance of “Our American Cousin” play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. During intermission Lincoln’s guard left his post to drink and in the second act after the line “sockdologizing old man-trap”, Confederate sympathizer and actor John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the back of the head using Philadelphia Derringer pistol. After the shot Booth jumped down to the stage, fractured his leg and declared “Sic semper tyrannus!” (”Thus always to tyrants!”). Lincoln died at 7:22 in the following morning. He was 56.
The 25th U.S. president, William McKinley (1843-1901) defeated his opponent William Jennings Bryan in the election of 1896 and went on to champion the gold standard and the Spanish-American War. He was attenting a meet-and-greet at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y., when during hist attempt to shake the hand of young anarchist Leon Czolgosz he was shot by Leon with two point-blank shots from a concealed revolver. The crowd was about to tear Czolgosz apart, but the wounded president yelled: “Boys! Don’t let them hurt him!” Regardless McKinleys slight recovery he died eight days after the shooting.
Austria-Este Archduke and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand (1863 - 1914) traveled in a motorcade to reach the Sarajevo Town Hall on June 28, 1914 where seven members of “Black Hand” Serbian nationalist movement armed with bombs ambuscaded his carriage. Only one bomb was thrown an it missed. “I come here to visit, and I get bombs thrown at me!” - flurried Ferdinand said. Ferdinand was shot in the jugular vein when he was leaving venue in his car. He was shot by Gavrilo Princip, who wished to right the earlier failure. Both Ferdinand an his pregnant wife Sofia died in the attack. Ferdinand’s death became on of the reasons of WW1 start.
Lev Davidovich Bronstein (1879 - 1940) more known as Leon Trotsky was a leader in 1917 October Revolution in Russia. Politician and theorist, he led the opposition from the left flank of the Communist Party against Joseph Stalin in the wake of Lenin’s 1924 death. He was exiled in 1929. On August 20, 1940 he was killed by NKVD agent Roman Mercador in Mexico. Mercador struck him in the scull with an ice axe. Trotsky died on the next day.
Famous nonviolent revolutionary Mohandas Gandhi (1869 - 1948) was shot three times on the chest on January, 30. He was shot bu a Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse. Nathuram blamed Gandhi for the violent 1947 partition of Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan, which made both nations independent, but led to the bloodbath. Thousands were killed. Two days before his death Mahatma Gandhi said: “If I am to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so smiling. There must be no anger within me. God must be in my heart and on my lips.”
Congolese National Movement for independence from Belgium control was founded and lead by Patrice Lumumba (1925 - 1961). After Lumumba was elected as the
nation’s first postcolonial prime minister he raised pay for all governmental employees except the army. He made a critical mistake in unstable times. During followed disorders he was expelled. On January 17, 1961 he was executed in Belgium by a Belgian firing squad. It is known that CIA have to had part in his death. At least, he was captured by CIA and later they disposed of his body.
John F. Kennedy
U.S. nation mourned JFK’s death on November 22, 1963. He was shot by Lee Harvey Osvald with three bullets. Osvald, who used sniper rifle, was murdered two days later. This lead to a conspiracy theories that persist to this day.
Malcolm X (1925 - 1965) was an American radical civil rights leader and political activist. He founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) shortly after breach with the Nation of Islam due to a feud with leader Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm X was killed on February 21, 1965 during his speech in Manhattan. He was shot 17 times by three men who were armed with one sawed-off shotgun and two hanguns. These three assassins are still alive and claim they are innocent.
Martin Luther King
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (at age 35), civil rights pioneer and leader of the March on Washington Martin Luther King was deadly shot on April 4, 1968 on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. James Earl Ray who shot him was caught two months later. Autopsy showed that 39 year old Martin Luther King had the heart of 60 year old - he was under constant stress of acting as the face and voice of the civil rights movement.
Robert F. Kennedy
You can see Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy on this photo. Both of them became victims of assassinations.
Robert F. Kennedy was a leading Democratic presidential candidate. During a campaign stop in Los Angeles onon June 5, 1968 he was shot three times in the kitchen of
of the Ambassador Hotel. He died 26 hours later. Palestinian-born assassin Sirhan Sirhan was caught on the crime scen by a group of men that included writer George Plimpton and decathlete Rafer Johnson. After his arrest Sirhan claimed that he shot Kennedy because of his support ffor Israel.
Anwar Sadat (1918 - 1981) was the third Egyptian president (1970 - 1981). In 1978 peace treaty between Israel and Egypt was signed. Unpopularity of peace treaty among Islamists lead to attack on Anwar Sadat on October 6, 1981. Jihadist military cell led by Khalid Islambouli, attacked Sadat with grenades and assault rifles during a military parade. Eleven others also died in the barrage, including Irish Minister for Defence James Tulley.
John Lennon (1940 - 1980) was an icon for millions of people. He was shot on December 8, 1980 after his interview and a Rolling Stone magazine photoshoot in front of his apartment building. Mark David Chapman was sitting on a curb when police arrived. He claimed that the J.D. Salinger novel “The Catcher in the Rye” would explain everything. It didn’t.
Social Democrat Prime Minister of Sweden in the ’70s and ’80s Olof Palme (1927 - 1986) was shot on the night of February 28, 1986 at point-blank range in an alley on his return home after attendance of the Grand Cinema in Stockholm. His assassin is still at large, despite many people and organizations, such as a serial killer known as the “Laser Man”, a brain-damaged addict, Swedish arms dealers, Kurdish rebels, pro-apartheid spies and Chilean fascists were implicated.
Ahmad Shah Massoud
Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953 - 2001), the “Lion of Panjshir” was an Afghan leader. Massoud was a key figure in opposition to the ruling Taliban and the Soviet occupiers. People loved him. He was killed by two al-Qaeda affiliates in a suicide attack two days before September 11th. Since that time the date of his death
is celebrated as “Massood Day” in Afghanistan.
Pim Fortuyn (1948 - 2002) was the leader of the “Pim Fortuyn List” political party. Openly homosexual and Explicitly anti-Islam Pim Fortuyn was shot to death nine days before the general election. Assasination took place in a parking lot. He was shot by Volkert van der Graaf, a marginalized-peoples and animal-rights marginalized-peoples activist. By the way, it may be the very first political assassination in Dutch history since 1672.
Benazir Bhotto (1953 - 2007), former Prime Minister of Pakistan was attacked on December 27, 2007 with guns and explosives during her campaign rally. Together with twenty other people she was fatally injured in this attack. Al-Qaeda claimed credit for this attack.
In 1992 Yitzhak Rabin was elected chairman of the Labour Party and took the reins as Prime-Minister again (he was Israelian Prime Minister during 1974-977). He signed the istoric Oslo Accords with Yasser Arafat, which granted Palestinians some control over parts of Gaza and the West Bank. Both signatories won the Nobel Peace Prize, but an Orthodox Jewish law student Yigal Amir was among those who thought it would lead to Israel’s destruction. He shot and killed Yitzhak Rabin on November 4, 1995, after a peace rally in Tel Aviv.